These are the vitamins needed in high amounts when the woman is pregnant. Increased nutritional needs accompany a woman’s pregnancy due to the physiologic changes that take place in the mother’s body and the foetus metabolic demands. Proper nutrition is required during pregnancy for the mother’s health. It is also imperative for the offspring’s healthy development into adulthood.
Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy could lead to congenital disabilities which affect the newborn babies. It might also result in severe congenital abnormalities. Additionally, under-nutrition during gestation period can make the offspring to be susceptible to chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, stroke and coronary artery disease in adulthood.
This helps in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity by treating all the illnesses related to pregnancy. They also assist in lowering complications during delivery. Iron and folate are the essential supplements during pregnancy. Deficiency of iron could lead to anemia which a very common condition in gestation. The body requires more iron since it is required in making hemoglobin.
Here are the best prenatal vitamins
It is estimated that the woman’s energy requirements increase by about 300 calories daily during the gestation period. Additionally, the body’s need for the various
nutrients also increases. The prenatal vitamins contain the required minerals and vitamins.
It is required in high amounts before conception and during the entire pregnancy period. Folate which belongs to vitamin B helps in preventing neural tube defects. You are recommended to start taking the folate supplements three months before conception. Folate also plays a crucial role in preventing anemia.
Yu are required to take at least 27 milligrams on a daily basis during pregnancy. It is useful in delivering oxygen to the unborn baby as well as preventing anemia in the expectant mothers. Iron is also known for its ability in preventing premature delivery.
It is recommended for the expectant mother to take at least 6000 international units daily. This vitamin is useful in building the baby’s bones and teeth. Low levels of vitamin D could affect the pregnant’s woman immunity, blood pressure brain function, and mood.
You are recommended to take at least 1000 milligrams of calcium on a daily basis. Calcium is essential for building the baby’s bones and preventing the loss of bones in the mother. It also plays a crucial role in improving the nervous, circulatory and muscular systems. Calcium deficiency is very dangerous for both the unborn child and the pregnant women.